美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:柯尔克孜族妇女制造人造卫星创造历史2018-11-20
Young women in Kyrgyzstan are reaching for the stars. They plan to build and launch the country’s first satellite before 2020.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:前哥伦比亚叛军转行当导游2018-11-20
Nine former members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, have traded their guns for small visitor boats in Colombia’s dense Amazon forest.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:第67届环球小姐选美大赛2018-11-19
The 67th Miss Universe beauty pageant will take place December 16 in Bangkok, Thailand. The competition will include young women from around the world representing their countries. But one South American country, Chile, will not be represented by a native
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:家庭支柱2018-11-19
Now, most countries around the world have some sort of bread in their food culture. Even though bread here means money, the word breadwinner does not mean someone who has won money in a competition.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度热议囚犯咖啡馆2018-11-19
A bold new experiment in India allows prisoners to work outside the prison. These so-called open prisons are attempting to help prisoners reclaim parts of their lives and humanity.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:法官:白宫必须返还CNN记者的新闻文档2018-11-18
A federal judge has ordered the administration of President Donald Trump to immediately return the press documents of Jim Acosta, a reporter with the American television network CNN.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:纪念毁于大火的天堂镇2018-11-18
People are trying to recover from the deadly fires in Northern California and find the missing. People are remembering, too, what has been lost.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:2018年牛津大学年度词汇:Toxic2018-11-18
Oxford said its data showed a 45 percent rise in searches for the word toxic on its website in 2018.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:请教老师:Between与Among的区别2018-11-18
Today’s question comes from Edgar of Venezuela. I would like to know the difference between among and between. Thanks! – Edgar, Venezuela
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:孟加拉国放弃遣返罗兴亚难民2018-11-17
Bangladeshi officials have called off a plan to start returning an estimated 700,000 Muslim Rohingya refugees to Myanmar. The officials said that many of the refugees simply do not want to go.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:福特与沃尔玛合作无人驾驶送货服务2018-11-17
Ford said its new project with Walmart will take place in the Miami area. The project will deliver goods ordered at Walmart stores through Postmates.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:11人涉嫌杀害卡舒吉将被起诉2018-11-17
Saudi Arabia charged 11 men Thursday in the killing of Saudi reporter Jamal Khashoggi at Saudi diplomatic offices in Istanbul, Turkey.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南被囚博主获得新闻自由奖2018-11-17
Quynh said, I was just exercising my rights to speak for myself, but then they arrested me, and they tried to stop me from blogging, and that was when I realized that I am now an activist for freedom of expression and freedom of the press.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:食物的味道也能申请专利?2018-11-16
The European Court of Justice judges said, The taste of a food product is not eligible for copyright protection. They said unlike works of writing, photography, movies and music, the taste of a food product cannot be identified with precision and objectiv
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:罗兴伽人不信西医信巫医2018-11-16
Last year about 700,000 Rohingya took refuge in the camp after escaping a campaign of government violence at home. Faith healers have long been sought out in Rohingya society to treat physical and mental conditions.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:官员:加州大火致大约100人失踪2018-11-16
Officials have released the names of the missing people. Many are older people, in their 80s and 90s. The fires, near both ends of the state, have claimed the lives of at least 51 people, with 48 dead in Northern California and three in Southern Californi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:千克这个单位即将退出历史舞台?2018-11-16
For nearly 130 years, scientists have used a singular small, metal cylinder to define the exact weight of a kilogram. Now, officials at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures say it is time for a change to meet today’s technology-driven world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:天然气有望于2030年取代煤炭2018-11-15
The International Energy Agency (IEA) reported on Tuesday that,12 years from now, gas will be the world’s second largest energy fuel, after oil. This would be a result of efforts to reduce air pollution and increased use of liquefied natural gas, the agen
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国副总统彭斯访问东京2018-11-15
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met in Tokyo on Tuesday, They spoke about a possible bilateral trade deal and efforts to move forward negotiations with North Korea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普与CNN记者互怼 CNN欲起诉特朗普2018-11-15
The television news network CNN brought a legal case against officials of the Trump administration for taking the press pass of Jim Acosta. The reporter had his documents taken away after a heated news conference with the president.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国有望2030年成为全球游客量最大的国家2018-11-14
China will pass France as the world’s most-visited country by 2030, say experts at Euromonitor International, a market research group.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:打孩子或造成长期的伤害2018-11-14
Is spanking, or hitting, a good way to get a child to act well? New research shows that it may do more harm than good.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:国立高雄艺术中心落成2018-11-14
National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts is being called the largest performing arts center in the world. The center opened last month and supports artists in dance, music and comic performances.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:希腊藏红花产业迎来发展春天2018-11-14
Saffron is one of the costliest spices. It has brought jobs and money to an area of Greece better known for coal mines and unemployment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家:波多黎各仍未有灾难应急计划2018-11-13
More than a year after Hurricane Maria, the government of Puerto Rico remains unprepared for future natural disasters. Officials there recently admitted that they have not made a new disaster plan. And it is not clear when they will, the Associated Press
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:海平面上升威胁著名农场2018-11-13
Around the world, scientists warn that coastal farms are under threat from rising seas and salt water.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联合国报告称地球臭氧层愈合中2018-11-13
After facing severe damage from the use of man-made chemicals, scientists say the Earth’s ozone layer is finally healing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国会的职能是什么?2018-11-13
In the United States, voters choose members of Congress every two years. But what exactly is Congress?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:奈飞欲从亚洲引进更多的电影和电视作品2018-11-12
Netflix said in a statement it aims to increase its investment in Asian storytellers, amplifying their voices to the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:与奶油相关的英语短语2018-11-12
This story explains how dairy cream came to mean the best of the best.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:比萨博物馆展示“美味”的艺术2018-11-12
Now, there is a place for all pizza lovers to gather: the newly-opened Museum of Pizza. It can be found in America’s pizza capital New York City.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普拒绝为非法移民提供庇护2018-11-12
U.S. President Donald Trump released a presidential proclamation Friday. In it, he said that the large group of migrants now traveling through Mexico toward the U.S. must seek entry legally or be denied the possibility of asylum.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印尼洞穴壁画号称4万年的历史2018-11-12
Scientists have identified what they say is the oldest known drawing of an animal. The scientists say the red image of a bull was found on the wall of a cave on the island of Borneo. They believe the picture is at least 40,000 years old.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:请教老师:Sentence与Statement的差别2018-11-12
This week, our question comes from Armando. Here it is: What’s the difference between sentence and statement and how can I use them? - Armando
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:三星推出新款可折叠手机2018-11-10
Samsung has provided a first look at its new foldable smartphone.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:荷兰男子欲合法改变自己的年龄2018-11-10
Are you unhappy with your age? Do you feel younger than your age? Well, perhaps you should consider legally changing your birth year. That is just what a Dutch man is trying to do.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加州酒吧发生枪击事件 12人死亡2018-11-10
A gunman opened fire at a crowded bar in Southern California Wednesday night, killing 12 people and wounding many others. The Borderline Ba...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:山地鸟类或因气候变暖而灭绝2018-11-09
Scientists have recreated a 1985 study of birds in Peru that shows climate change is pushing them from their natural environment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国关岛罗马天主教会正式宣布破产2018-11-09
The Roman Catholic Church on the American island of Guam is officially declaring financial failure, or bankruptcy. The move means the Church can avoid trial in more than 20 child sex abuse legal actions against its clergy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国司法部长应特朗普要求辞职2018-11-09
Sessions announced his resignation in a letter to President Donald Trump Wednesday. He wrote, At your request, I am submitting my resignation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:比尔盖茨现身上海进博会新型厕所2018-11-08
Microsoft founder Bill Gates has presented a container of feces to visitors to a trade show in China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:亚马逊将在哪个城市建立第二总部?2018-11-08
The huge online store and technology company reportedly has narrowed its search to two cities where is could split its second headquarters.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:帕劳为保护珊瑚礁禁止使用防晒霜2018-11-08
The Pacific nation of Palau will soon ban many types of sunscreen in an effort to protect its coral reefs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:也门教师在自己家中为700名学生授课2018-11-08
A Yemeni teacher wanted to improve education for students suffering during the country’s civil war. So he came up with the idea to turn his own home into a school.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“移民大篷车队”向美国边境挺进2018-11-07
One of three migrant groups voted Sunday to continue on toward Mexico City. The large group is one of three that are traveling through Mexico in an effort to reach the U.S. border to seek asylum.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国再次全面制裁伊朗核计划相关行业2018-11-07
United States sanctions on Iran’s oil and finance industries took full effect on Monday. Eight countries received temporary permission to continue oil imports from the country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:至少78名学生在喀麦隆被绑架2018-11-07
Kidnappers have seized at least 78 students from a Christian school in northwest Cameroon. Suspected separatists took the students and the school’s leader Sunday the governor of Northwest Region said.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:母乳对微型早产儿最有益2018-11-07
Because they are born so soon, premature babies can have many developmental issues and health problems. Micro preemies can have even more. Their organs are not fully developed. And they are not able to breastfeed. So helping them to eat and gain weight is
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:泳者见证香港水域三十年的水质变化2018-11-06
Some people in western Hong Kong have been swimming in waters off the former British colony for many years. But some worry they are seeing more pollution in the form of plastics.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:旧金山计划培训流浪汉成为码农2018-11-06
A program in San Francisco’s Tenderloin neighborhood trains homeless people for jobs in technology and other fields.
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