美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:打孩子或造成长期的伤害2018-11-14
Is spanking, or hitting, a good way to get a child to act well? New research shows that it may do more harm than good.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:母乳对微型早产儿最有益2018-11-07
Because they are born so soon, premature babies can have many developmental issues and health problems. Micro preemies can have even more. Their organs are not fully developed. And they are not able to breastfeed. So helping them to eat and gain weight is
VOA慢速英语:哪个对你的职业生涯更有利?全能还是专精?2018-10-31
When it comes to a career, is it better to do many things (a generalist) or to only do one thing (a specialist)? This report explores the benefits of both and also teaches some useful work-related expressions.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国:去年冬天有8万人死于流感2018-10-30
The 2017-2018 flu season hit the United States hard. Health experts say flu and flu-related illness likely killed more than 80,000 people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度创企发明肥皂笔培养儿童洗手好习惯2018-10-29
Two young women from India have invented a hand-washing product that could help to protect children from illness.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:有没办法治疗“脸盲症”?2018-10-24
For some people, remembering a face can be difficult. You may have to meet them several times before they can recognize you.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新技术能为心脏病发作提供早期预警2018-10-10
Researchers have developed technology that they say could help predict heart attacks years before they happen.
VOA慢速英语:美国携带梅毒的新生儿数量不断上升2018-10-10
In the U.S., the number of sexually transmitted diseases has risen. U.S. officials say the number of babies born with syphilis has doubled in four years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古代人类骨骼揭示古代饮食和生活方式2018-10-08
Scientists learned recently that fish was the main source of protein for people in southern Scandinavia many thousands of years ago. They also ate other animals that live in the water.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世界上最新的最健康的饮食菜单2018-10-03
Health experts who rate diets now say that the New Nordic Diet may be healthier than the Mediterranean Diet. But New Nordic is more of lifestyle that stresses eating whole foods that are local and seasonal.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:全球癌症发病率上升2018-10-02
An international health organization finds that the number of cancer cases worldwide is increasing. But the disease should not be a death sentence anymore. Many things known to increase a person’s risk are preventable.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联合国会议将讨论埃博拉、艾滋和流感等病毒2018-09-26
Tuberculosis, also called TB, is the leading infectious disease killer worldwide. WHO officials report that 10 million people were sickened with TB last year. About 1.6 million died from the disease.
VOA慢速英语:研究发现运动不足易致病2018-09-19
A new study by the World Health Organization finds that many people around the world are not getting enough physical activity to stay healthy.
VOA慢速英语:好早餐等于好成绩!2018-09-13
Whether at home, on the way to school or at school -- eating something healthy for breakfast may help a student get better grades.
VOA慢速英语:全球各地早餐一览2018-09-13
Breakfast is the first meal of the day. Some people love it! They look forward to breaking their nighttime fast with a big meal. Others may like to eat something small. For those who skip breakfast all together – this article might not be for you!
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现部分人每天服用阿司匹林弊大于利2018-09-05
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Many people take aspirin to help ease pain in the head or muscles. But there is another use for this pain-relieving medicine. Aspirin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:突破血脑屏障治疗脑肿瘤、老人痴呆症等脑科疾病2018-09-01
Researchers have found a way around the blood-brain barrier. This barrier may protect the brain. But it also stops helpful drugs from reaching the brain.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新型血液检测能发现早期皮肤癌2018-08-30
Researchers in Australia have developed the worlds first blood test for one type of skin cancer. The test could lead to higher rates of survival from melanoma.
VOA慢速英语:你对脱水有足够的认识吗?2018-08-23
We we don't drink enough water, our bodies don't work properly. But many people may not know that they are dehydrated. Read on to recognize signs of dehydration.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新研究解开人类大脑进化过程之谜2018-08-15
Early language theories claim the human brain has special areas for learning language that are unique to people. A new study challenges that idea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究表明蜱虫引起的过敏数量呈上升趋势2018-08-09
A new study has found that the number of meat allergies caused by tick bites may be increasing across the US.
VOA慢速英语:研究发现婚姻不幸容易短命2018-08-08
Whether or not married people are healthier than non-married people depends on the quality of the marriage. Being in a bad marriage, a study finds, is just as bad as smoking.
VOA慢速英语:欧洲委员会主席呼吁欧盟与美国合作2018-08-07
The president of the European Commission appealed for cooperation between the European Union and the United States. Here is what Jean-Paul Juncker said to U.S. President Donald Trump during their talks in Washington, DC:
VOA慢速英语:最流行的抗疟疾药物或对儿童和孕妇无效2018-08-03
A new study finds that the most widely used anti-malarial drug may not be helping many children and pregnant women.
VOA慢速英语:睡房温度过高损害大脑2018-08-03
Heat waves are dangerous for the very old, the very young and the sick. However, heat waves may damage everyone’s thinking and remembering skills.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国一城市禁止儿童餐牌出现含糖饮料2018-07-31
The city of Baltimore, Maryland has banned soda and other sugary drinks on childrens menus at restaurants to help prevent childhood obesity. But not everyone agrees.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本收纳女王玛丽·近藤:让生活更有条理2018-07-28
Kondo is building on her international fan base to expand her empire.
VOA慢速英语:露营对大脑有益处2018-07-25
On average, Americans spend about 10 hours a day in front of a computer or other electronic device and less than 30 minutes a day outdoors. So, it is important to give the brain a rest. And being in nature, a professor claims, helps refresh a brain that i
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家:小儿麻痹症或再次在世界范围内传播2018-07-25
The wild polio virus exists only in three countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. But it’s still a global threat.
VOA慢速英语:游泳是最好的全身锻炼之一2018-07-18
Indoors or outdoors, swimming gives the body an all-over workout.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现5300年前猎人冰尸2018-07-14
Shortly before his death, scientists said, the Iceman ate the fat and meat of a wild goat, meat from a red deer and whole wheat seeds.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:超四成美国人认为青少年性行为可接受2018-07-14
In the United States, a growing number of Americans think sex between teenagers is morally acceptable. Of those questioned in a recent survey, 54 percent said they think teenage sex is morally wrong. But 42 percent said they think it is acceptable.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:医生用小儿麻痹症病毒治疗脑癌2018-07-14
Scientists in the United States are using a polio virus to fight cancer in the brain. And they are calling their results promising.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究表明细菌或导致肥胖人群焦虑和抑郁2018-07-06
New research find that stomach bacteria in overweight mice can make other mice anxious
VOA慢速英语:世界卫生组织称电玩上瘾为精神健康“障碍”2018-07-04
The WHO now classifies extreme video gaming a mental illness. They call it gaming disorder’ and doctors warn it can cause entire families to collapse. However, some experts say gaming is a symptom of other problems.
VOA慢速英语:研究人员:病毒或导致老年痴呆症2018-07-02
New research suggests that common viruses may play a part in the development of the brain-wasting disease Alzheimer’s,
VOA慢速英语:交通事故成15-29岁年轻人第一死亡原因2018-06-26
At some point, we all need to use the roads to get to where we are going. However, in some places, commuting comes with risks. Each year, over one million people around the world die on roadways.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世卫组织欲五年内去除食物里的反式脂肪2018-06-26
There may be something in your food that you cannot see and cannot taste. But it could be killing you. It is an artificial oil commonly called trans fat.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家:禁食对我们的大脑有好处2018-06-26
Today, we talk about fasting involving only food. Apart from spiritual or religious reasons, what effects does not eating have on human health?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:实验疫苗或有助阻止埃博拉病毒的传播2018-06-26
Health workers say an experimental vaccine may help to stop the spread of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一起吃饭的好处2018-06-26
For children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes – it is also about developing good ones.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家已成功扼制寨卡病毒的传播2018-06-26
Three years ago, Brazil experienced a major sudden spread of the Zika virus. Doctors learned that the sickness can cause severe development problems for unborn babies, including microcephaly.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度爆发致命的脑损伤病毒2018-06-26
The number of people who have died from Nipah is relatively small. Officials from India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said in a statement to the press that this is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence. They cannot confirm the orig
VOA慢速英语:医护人员已控制住埃博拉疫情2018-06-26
Healthcare workers in the Democratic Republic of Congo are using an experimental vaccine to stop the spread of Ebola.
VOA慢速英语:烟草:残害你的隐形杀手2018-06-26
It is widely known that smoking tobacco can damage the lungs. But many people do not know that it can also cause heart disease and stroke.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:过度使用智能手机或导致上瘾、孤独和抑郁2018-05-02
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Nearly 2.4 billion people around the world used a smartphone in 2017. By the end of 2018, more than a third of the global population
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:坚持运动可延缓衰老2018-04-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.If you have been meaning to add more exercise to your daily routine, you may want to start sooner rather than later.A 2018 study has
VOA慢速英语:美国科学家重新定义阿尔茨海默氏症2018-04-19
The new definition of Alzheimers aims to improve identification of medical conditions through brain imaging and other tests.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:干细胞帮助瘫痪的老鼠恢复行走能力2018-04-18
A group of scientists in Israel are researching how to help paralyzed people walk again. They are using human stem cells to repair the spinal cords of mice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:使用VR技术让健身更有趣2018-04-16
The American tech company Blue Goji combines VR, gaming and exercise equipment to make running fun.
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