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发表时间:2018-12-06内容来源:VOA英语学习网

没有什么量子力学无法解释的 there's no escaping quantum mechanics.

每一个物体都遵循 Every object is a quantum mechanical object

量子力学理论 subject to the laws of quantum mechanics.

我们所居住的世界 And the world that we live in,

实际上就是量子世界 in the ultimate reality, is a quantum world.

毫无疑问 So there's no question that

量子力学里存在一些伟大的事实 there's some great truth in quantum mechanics.

但有一事 量子力学无法解释 But there's one thing quantum mechanics can't describe -

引力 gravity.

这不能算是一个问题 And it's not normally a problem,

因为原子太轻了 引力作用可以忽略 because atoms are so light,the effect of gravity is irrelevant.

大多数时间 量子力学和引力没有交集 Most of the time,quantum mechanics and gravity leave each other in peace.

但在一个地方 两者都非常重要 But there's one arena in which they're both important,

在那里的物体非常小 and that arena is when things are both very small

而引力作用非常大 and the force of gravity is very large.

那就是黑洞中心 And that's what happens inside a black hole.

黑洞中心的奇点 The singularity at the heart of a black hole is

质量巨大 体积微小 both astronomically heavy and infinitesimally small.

单靠量子力学无法解释 To understand it, quantum mechanics alone wasn't enough.

需要利用引力来加以解释 It needed to be extended to describe gravity.

量子引力理论 A theory called quantum gravity.

建立这一理论最简单的方式 The most obvious way to create such a theory

就是推导出广义相对论的量子形式 was to make a quantum version of Einstein's theory of relativity.

这一理论是否正确就在于能否给出 Proof of its success would be a new understanding of black holes

对黑洞的新认识 奇点中发生了什么 that explained what really happens in a singularity.

这是爱因斯坦理论的点睛一笔 this is the le grand chant of Einstein's theory,

当物理学家试图将两个理论结合 When physicists tried to combine the two theories,

他们遇到了一个熟悉的难题 they encountered a familiar problem.

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: https://www.veryv.net/html/20181206/Whos-Afraid-of-a-Black-Hole-21.html