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发表时间:2018-06-25内容来源:VOA英语学习网

The NHS came kicking and screaming into life on 5 July 1948.

It was the first time anywhere in the world that completely free healthcare was made available on the basis of citizenship rather than the payment of fees or insurance.

It brought hospitals, doctors, nurses and dentists together under one service. But in the 70 years since its creation much has changed.

The numbers working for the NHS have boomed. There are now 1.7m people employed by the health service across the UK, making it the fifth largest employer in the world.

The biggest group in the workforce are nurses. The numbers employed have trebled.

But that pales into insignificance next to doctors. There are now 10 times as many working for the health service as there were when it was created.

This partly reflects how quickly medicine has advanced and how demand has increased, meaning many more medical experts are needed to care for patients.

But roles have changed too. The job nurses do today has become much more specialised - it is now a degree-level profession.

The basic personal care they used to provide is now much more likely to be done by healthcare assistants, with nurses involved in providing complex care that was once the preserve of doctors.

Of course, as the number of staff has grown, so has the budget. The amount spent on health is now 12 times bigger than it was when the NHS started - and that's after you take inflation into account.

And the pot is set to grow even further. Last week the government announced the budget for the NHS in England would beFollow Nick on Twitter

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: https://www.veryv.net/html/20180625/BBC-News-The-history-of-the-NHS-in-charts.html