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发表时间:2019-01-04内容来源:VOA英语学习网

The first one takes us to the Black Sea, a body of water surrounded by Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Turkey and also Ukraine and Russia. Those last two countries have been involved in a conflict in eastern Ukraine since 2014. And tensions between them rose even more after a confrontation between Russian and Ukrainian ships last month near the Kerch Strait.

That's a narrow passage of water that links the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov. Russia captured three Ukrainian ships in the encounter and now an American warship may be headed for the Black Sea. U.S. officials say this would be in response to Russia's maritime actions against Ukraine. The U.S. Navy says it routinely conducts operations in the international waters and airspace of the Black Sea. But earlier this year, a U.S. military official says the Navy was increasing it's presence in the area to counter the increased presence of Russia.

That country's making moves of it's own in the region. In eastern Crimea, a peninsula that Russia controversially annexed from Ukraine in 2014, Russian troops recently conducted a military drill involving anti- aircraft missiles. Their country says that Ukraine is taking steps toward a military offensive so there's a lot of international flexing taking place in this tense part of the world.

PRESIDENT FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT: A date which will live in infamy. The United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

CARL AZUZ: On this the 77th Anniversary of the attack, the USS Arizona Memorial is one place where events are held on National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. It's an observance that the U.S. Congress established in 1994 and it's when survivors, their families, veterans and the public gather to honor the victims. The assault on Pearl Harbor was at the time the deadliest attack on American soil. It led the U.S. to join China, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the allied powers, in their fight against Germany, Italy and Japan the axis powers.

今天首先来关注黑海。黑海是被保加利亚、格鲁吉亚、罗马尼亚、土耳其以及乌克兰和俄罗斯包围的一片水域。刚才提到的最后两个国家从2014年开始卷入发生在乌克兰东部的一场冲突,而上个月发生在刻赤海峡附近的俄罗斯军舰与乌克兰军舰之间的冲突使两国之间的紧张局势进一步升级。

刻赤海峡是连接黑海与亚速海的狭长水域。俄罗斯在冲突发生后扣押了三艘乌克兰军舰,而现在美国可能会派遣一艘军舰进入黑海。美国官员表示,这是对俄罗斯海军对乌克兰所采取行动的回应。美国海军表示,他们定期在黑海的国际海域和领空举行军事演习。今年早些时候,一名美军官员表示,美国海军将强化在这一地区的存在,以对抗俄罗斯日益加强的存在。

俄罗斯正在该地区采取行动。俄罗斯2014年从乌克兰手里吞并了克里米亚半岛,此举极具争议,而最近,俄罗斯军队在克里米亚半岛东部地区进行了一次有防空导弹参与的军事演习。俄罗斯表示,乌克兰正在采取接近于军事进攻的行动,因此有很多国际力量在世界这一处于紧张形势中的地区展示实力。

弗兰克林·罗斯福总统:这一天将成为耻辱日。美利坚合众国遭遇了日本帝国海军和空军有预谋的突然袭击。

卡尔·阿祖兹:今年是珍珠港事件77周年,在全国珍珠港纪念日这一天,亚利桑那号战舰纪念馆是其中一个举行纪念活动的地方。这个纪念日是美国国会在1994年设立的节日,在这一天,幸存者及其家人、退伍老兵以及民众会聚集起来,纪念遇难者。偷袭珍珠港是当时美国本土遭遇的最致命袭击。这一事件使美国加入中国、英国和苏联等同盟国,联合对抗德国、意大利和日本等轴心国。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: https://www.veryv.net/19/01/CNN04093559ro.html