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发表时间:2018-11-05内容来源:VOA英语学习网

We are a little more than one week from Halloween, one month from Thanksgiving, two months from Christmas and exactly two weeks from a major electoral event coming this Fall, the U.S. mid-term elections.

Presidential terms last four years in America. Halfway through those terms are the mid-terms. In addition to state and local elections, the mid-terms help determine the make-up of Congress and that can have an impact on how effective the President is in getting passage of the laws he supports.

The House of Representatives has 435 voting members. They serve two year terms so all of these seats are up for election on Tuesday, November 6th.

The Senate has 100 voting members. They serve six year terms so roughly a third of these seats are up for election. The President is a Republican.

The House and Senate are controlled by Republican majorities and Republicans want to keep that control. Democrats want to flip or win back control of those chambers of Congress. Whether they'll actually do that is unknown. No matter who the President is, lawmakers in the same political party tend to lose seats in the mid-terms.

And many political analysts say there's a strong chance this year that Democrats will take control of the House from Republicans. But they say there's not a strong chance that the Senate will lose it's Republican control because these mid-terms most of the Senate seats that are up for election are currently held by Democrats. What are the issues in the minds of voters? There are a lot. Immigration, drug addiction, welfare reform, gun violence, taxes, the environment, healthcare, trade deals, terrorism, they all factor in. How Americans feel about the President and his policies also factors in. How they'll vote and who will vote are things we'll know next month.

现在距离万圣节还有一周多的时间,感恩节还有一个月,圣诞节还有两个月,而距离今年秋天将举行的一场重要选举还有整整两周,这一选举是美国中期选举。

美国总统任期为四年。中期选举是在每届总统任期中间所举行的选举。除了州选举和地方选举之外,中期选举还将确定国会的构成,这会影响总统所支持法律获得批准的有效性。

美国众议院有435名拥有投票权的议员。众议员的任期是两年,因此众议院所有席位都将于11月6日(周二)进行改选。

参议院有100名拥有投票权的议员。参议员的任期是六年,因此今年有约三分之一的参议员席位要进行改选。现任美国总统是共和党人。

现在共和党在众议院和参议院均占多数席位,共和党希望保持这种控制。而民主党则希望夺回国会两院的控制权。两党是否能得偿所愿目前还不能确定。无论谁是总统,与总统在同一个政党的议员往往会在中期选举中损失席位。

许多政治分析人士表示,今年民主党有很大的机会从共和党手中夺回众议院的控制权。但是他们也指出,共和党不太可能损失其对参议院的控制权,因为大多数将在中期选举中进行改选的参议院席位目前由民主党控制。选民关心哪些问题?他们关注的问题很多。移民、吸毒、福利改革、枪支暴利、税收、环境、医保、贸易协议、恐怖主义,这些都是选民考虑的因素。美国民众对总统及其政策的看法也是因素之一。他们会如何投票以及谁会投票,这些问题的答案将在下个月揭晓。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: https://www.veryv.net/18/11/CNN05101754mo.html