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发表时间:2018-10-11内容来源:VOA英语学习网

President Trump hosts a swearing-in ceremony tonight at the White House for the newest justice on the Supreme Court. Brett Kavanaugh, who was confirmed over the weekend on a narrow party-line vote, will be on the bench tomorrow when the Supreme Court holds oral arguments. Kavanaugh promised to serve without bitterness and to put the contentious and emotional confirmation process behind him.

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BRETT KAVANAUGH: The Supreme Court is a team of nine, and I will always be a team player on the team of nine.

CHANG: President Trump was less conciliatory in his remarks. Earlier today, he predicted Kavanaugh's position on the high court will give a political boost to Republicans. We'll hear more about that in a moment. But first let's go to NPR's Scott Horsley. Hey, Scott.

SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: Hi, Ailsa.

CHANG: So give us a picture of how Kavanaugh's presence on the court will likely shift its decisions over the next few decades.

HORSLEY: He is certainly going to shift it to the right. Remember; he was chosen from a list drawn up by the Federalist Society and the Heritage Foundation of reliable conservatives. And that's something you couldn't necessarily say about the justice he'll be replacing, Anthony Kennedy. Kennedy of course was Kavanaugh's mentor. He did the swearing in this evening. And although Kennedy was a Reagan appointee and generally conservative, he occasionally sided with the court's liberal wing, most famously in a string of gay rights cases but also, for example, reaffirming abortion rights.

Kavanaugh is expected to be a more conservative judge, and that leaves Chief Justice John Roberts as the pivot point on the court. It'll be up to him to decide how much judicial restraint to exercise. And that will determine whether this rightward drift is a matter of small steps or one big leap.

CHANG: Do you think the very bitter confirmation fight over the past several weeks has damaged the court's reputation as an apolitical body?

HORSLEY: It certainly has that potential. You now have five conservative justices appointed by Republicans, four liberals appointed by Democrats. And to the extent they rule along partisan lines, that — they could come to be seen as, you know, partisans in robes, not impartial arbiters who rise above politics. The court itself tried tonight to make a show of unity. All eight of Kavanaugh's fellow justices were at the White House to make a stand that way. Kavanaugh said he knows and respects all of his future colleagues, and he promised that he would be a justice for all Americans. But the president's tone was much more partisan, and Donald Trump lambasted the Democrats who led the fight to keep Kavanaugh off the bench.

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PRESIDENT Donald Trump: Those who step forward to serve our country deserve a fair and dignified evaluation, not a campaign of political and personal destruction based on lies and deception. What happened to the Kavanaugh family violates every notion of fairness, decency and due process.

HORSLEY: Trump also pointedly thanked the Republican members of the Judiciary Committee but not the Democrats, and he led a standing ovation for Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell, which will just be salt in the wounds for Democrats who are still smarting over the way McConnell kept a Supreme Court seat open during the final year of President Obama's term.

CHANG: That's right — with the nominee Merrick Garland. What was the purpose of tonight's event at the White House — because Kavanaugh was already quietly sworn in on Saturday shortly after the Senate voted to confirm his nomination. So this was just kind of a repeat of that.

HORSLEY: The most benign interpretation was this was a chance to publicly rehabilitate Kavanaugh after that bruising confirmation battle and begin to heal some of the wounds left by that fight. For President Trump, though, it was also a chance to stoke the partisan flames and to remind everyone that he is responsible for putting these conservatives on the bench. That's, more than anything, what has endeared Trump to social conservatives and evangelicals, and he'll be touting that in a series of campaign rallies across the country this coming week.

CHANG: That's NPR's Scott Horsley. Thanks, Scott.

HORSLEY: You're welcome.

参考译文:

今晚,特朗普总统在白宫为新任最高法院大法官举行就职仪式。上周末,布雷特·卡瓦诺凭借党派投票的微弱优势通过提名确认,明天最高法院举行口头辩论时他将正式就任。卡瓦诺承诺将不带任何怨恨地进入最高法院,同时会将引发争议且情绪化的确认进程抛在脑后。

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布雷特·卡瓦诺:最高法院是一支由九人组成的团队,我将永远是这个九人团队的成员。

张:特朗普总统的讲话没有太多安抚言论。今天早些时候,他预测卡瓦诺进入最高法院将使共和党在政治上获益。我们稍后会听一下总统的讲话。不过现在先来连线NPR新闻记者斯科特·霍斯利。你好,斯科特。

斯科特·霍斯利连线:你好,阿尔萨。

张:请介绍一下卡瓦诺就任大法官在未来几十年会如何改变最高法院的决定?

霍斯利:他肯定会将最高法院的决定转向右派。要记住,他是从代表可依赖保守派的联邦主义者协会和传统基金会拟定的名单中选出的候选人。有件事可能没必要说,那就是他将接替安东尼·肯尼迪大法官。当然,肯尼迪是卡瓦诺的导师。肯尼迪主持了今晚的就职仪式。虽然肯尼迪是里根总统任命的大法官,而且一般来说他属于保守派,但是他偶尔会支持最高法院中的自由派,最著名的就是他在一系列涉及同性恋权利案件中的决定,另外他还重申了堕胎权利。

预计卡瓦诺将成为更保守的法官,这会使首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨成为最高法院的关键。他将决定行使司法节制的程度。而这将决定这种右转是小举措还是大的飞跃。

张:在你看来,持续了数周的激烈的提名确认进程是否损害了最高法院作为非政治机构的名声?

霍斯利:肯定有这种可能性。现在最高法院有5名共和党总统任命的保守派大法官和4名民主党总统任命的自由派大法官。在一定程度上,他们按照党派路线做出裁决,他们可能会被视为穿着法官袍的党羽,而不是超脱于政治的公正裁决者。今晚,最高法院试图展示团结。卡瓦诺在最高法院的8名大法官同事均出席了在白宫举行的就职仪式。卡瓦诺表示,他认识并尊敬他未来的所有同事,他承诺他将成为所有美国人的法官。但是总统讲话的语气则更具党派性,唐纳德·特朗普痛斥了那些试图阻止卡瓦诺进入最高法院的民主党人。

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唐纳德·特朗普总统:那些挺身而出为国家服务的人应该得到公正、有尊严的评价,而不是一场基于谎言和欺骗的政治和毁灭个人的运动。卡瓦诺所经历的一切违反了所有关于公平、体面和正当程序的概念。

霍斯利:特朗普还直言不讳地感谢了参议院司法委员会中的共和党议员,但没有感谢民主党议员,他让在场者起立为参议院共和党领袖米奇·麦康奈尔鼓掌,此举是在民主党人的伤口上撒盐,因为民主党人仍在因麦康奈尔让最高法院的一个席位在奥巴马总统任期的最后一年保持空缺状态而感到痛心。

张:没错,当时的大法官候选人是麦克里克·加兰。白宫今晚举行的活动有何目的?因为在参议院周六投票通过卡瓦诺的提名后不久,他就迅速宣誓就职了。那白宫的活动只是重复吗?

霍斯利:最善意的解读是,此举是在艰难的提名斗争结束之后公开为卡瓦诺昭雪的机会,也是开始为斗争所造成伤口疗伤的机会。不过,对特朗普总统来说,这也是加剧党派攻击的机会,而且他还在提醒所有人,是他将这些保守派送入了最高法院。这比其他任何事都更能使特朗普赢得社会保守派和福音派的欢心,另外,本周他将在全美各地举行的一系列竞选集会上吹嘘这一成就。

张:以上是NPR新闻的斯科特·霍斯利带来的报道。谢谢你,斯科特。

霍斯利:不客气。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: https://www.veryv.net/18/10/npr20181010_2540648pL2.html